8 parts of a watch you have to know!
Watches are such an integral part of our looks! For gents, it is one of the most commonly used accessories to be worn on the wrists (well ladies have a lot of choice from bangles to bracelets and what not!). For ladies, it adds that extra bit of glamor.
Let’s look at these key parts of a watch by breaking down this Rolex (would never even dare to do that to an original Rolex!). 🙂
There are many others, but as long as you know these 8, you could make a well-informed buying decision.
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1. The Case
As the name suggests is the container that encloses the watch dial, hands, and machinery.
Think of it as a glass that holds water or a picture frame that holds together the picture! This case comes in a variety of shapes from round to oval depending on the design of the watch.
Also, depending on the build of the watch, the material could be made of plastic, silicone, stainless steel, ceramic, titanium, etc.
2. The DIAL
The dial sits at the base of the case. This is where the watch hands (hour, minute, and second hands) are fitted!
The hour markings can some shapes (as the circle, triangle and rectangle above), Roman or plain numbers.
In some watches, you will see a luminous paint that glows in the dark.
In chronographs, apart from the main dial, you have several sub-dials that offer functionality like alarm, stopwatch, etc.
The logo and watch brand or model are also etched on the dial.
3. The BAND
This is the strap which could be stainless steel, leather, silicon, ceramic, fabric, gold plated, rose gold, rubber etc.
Bands are of different types.
For example, the bracelets, where there are variations like bangle, expandable, and mesh. And there are others like the chains, straps, etc.
While the choice is generally yours, the environment and weather conditions can spoil the band!
For example, if are planning to buy a fabulous diver’s watch to swim to the depths of the Mariana trench, you obviously cannot have a leather band!
4. The CLASP
A clasp holds together the two different sides of a band so that you can get a great fit! Some of the common styles are:
Pin buckle – This comes with leather bands where holes are drilled and you have a small pin in the buckle to use as per the size of your wrist.
Folding Clasp based – There are a number of different styles from folder-over clasp with push-button to double folding hidden clasp.
5. The Crystal
A Watch Crystal is the transparent cover protecting the dial and watch hands and are primarily of 3 types.
This is made of plastic and is used in low-cost watches, also called ‘Plexiglass’.
Made from glass, it is far more scratch resistant as compared to acrylic. That’s the reason, it is the 1st choice for all mid-range watches.
There was a time when they used natural Sapphire. Not anymore! Instead, they use a complex synthetic process to make a near-identical one!
This is the most scratch-resistant material (you can only scratch it with a diamond!). Obviously, it is the costliest of the 3 and used in high-end, premium watches!
6. The BEZEL
The ring that encloses the crystal is called the bezel.
In some watches (chronograph, divers’ watch, etc), these bezels can move unidirectional or bi-bidirectional and used to measure time e.g. time spent underwater by a diver.
7. The CROWN
Crown allows you to set time, date, stopwatch, to wind the watch, etc.
This is like a screw which is normally at the 3 o’clock position for most of the watches.
In chronographs and others with advanced functionality, you will find multiple crowns and each serves a different purpose.
8. The MOVEMENT
And last but not the least, we look at the watch movement, the system or engine that moves the hands.
This system is broadly classified into mechanical or quartz.
- Mechanical movement – An important part called ‘mainspring’ which is a metallic coil needs to be wound.
When it unwinds, the various gears move and trigger the movement of the second, minute and hour hands.
You can wind the mainspring manually (yes our ancestors used to do this!). But most modern watches, come with automatic winding.
- Quartz movement – In this system, electric current (via battery) is applied to a quartz crystal (oscillator) that produces micro-movements and this, in turn, helps to move the hands.
Now that you know your watch in and out (literally), we hope you are not eager to dismantle it and take a closer took! Comment below!